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十個橘貓九個胖

文章來源:動物研究所   發布時間:2019-03-22  【字號:     】  

  我是一只橘貓,很多人都覺得我很萌,卻很少有人懂我。不信,你隨便找個人問下,除了上面說的那位專家,很少有人知道我的身世。 

這家伙就是我的同類 圖片來源網絡 

  比如,橘貓只是人們對我們喵星人的一個俗稱,并不是一個種,貓家真名是Felis catus,這是拉丁名,翻譯成中文就是野生斑貓。

橘貓 

  可能有鏟屎官會疑惑,怎么變成野生斑貓了?給你們人類科普下,所有的家貓都是野生斑貓的一個亞種,正如所有的狗狗都是灰狼的亞種。不信的話,你們可以查閱卡爾·林奈在他1758年發布的著作《自然系統》。

  貓被人類馴化簡史

  早在一萬年前,我們的祖先就已經被人類馴化了。你們人類的考古學家在塞浦路斯一個距今9500年的墓葬中發現了一只貓,也就是說古埃及人在6000年前就開始馴化我們的祖先了,不信的話,你去埃及法老的金字塔里去瞅瞅,那里也有成千上萬的“貓乃伊”。 

圖片來源網絡

  我們貓家族是天生的捕鼠小能手,最初人類馴化我們可不是為了把我在家里供著,沒事曬曬圖,而是“別有用心”!把我們馴化之后,就是為了消滅老鼠的。隨后,一些航海的船員們也特別喜歡攜帶我們出海,專門抓船上的老鼠。

圖片來源網絡

  隨著海員出海,我們的足跡席卷了整個亞歐大陸和非洲大陸。乃至今天遍布世界,有人類存在的地方就有我們喵星人。 

  喵星人眼中的人類

  雖然,我們喵星人和人類打了上萬年的交道,按說應該彼此了解,可是我對人類還是有些小失望,你們根本不了解我們。

圖片來源網絡

  隨便舉幾個小例子:一些主人遠遠地就給我們打招呼,我好想說,“你是不是傻啊”,我們喵星人都是近視眼,聚焦范圍在0.3-3米,3米開外的物體是模糊的,5米開外根本分不清人和汪星人了。 

  一些好事的人類總想著給我剪胡須和眉毛,說多了都是淚啊!眉毛和胡須于我們喵星人而言,可不是為了好看美麗,而是重要的感覺器官,這里面包含大量的神經末梢,可以感知周圍的風吹草動。一旦胡子和眉毛沒了,這跟聾了和瞎了一樣難受啊!

  真的“十只橘貓九只胖” 

  說到可氣的事,最最最讓我們橘貓氣憤的是人們說“十只橘貓九只胖,還有一只壓塌炕。”

橘貓

  這純屬于謠言!謠言!謠言!重要的事情說三遍!

  今天,就給你們人類科普下。說我們胖的屬于心理學上的“幸存者偏差”,指的是只能看到經過某種篩選而產生的結果,而沒有意識到篩選的過程,這是一種常見的邏輯錯誤。

  比如,網上曬的照片都是從我們家族里挑出的大胖子,給人造成我們橘貓都胖這種印象。我要是把你們人類中的大胖子都挑選出了,不知道胖成什么樣子了,可是我有說過你們人類都是大胖子嗎?

橘貓

  此外,我講講科學,如果想要證明我們橘貓都是大胖子,那得找到我們身上的肥胖基因才可以,可現實是人類科學家們并沒有在我們貓身上找到肥胖基因。 

  貓薄荷與貓的味覺

  還有一些主人有事沒事給我們吃蛋糕,他以為自己喜歡吃甜食,我們就喜歡,殊不知,我們貓科家族在早期演化過程中丟失了對“甜”的味覺,根本嘗不出甜味。

  我們不喜歡甜食,不過我們偏愛貓薄荷。貓薄荷是一種植物,為唇形科荊芥屬多年生草本植物,全草芳香。可能人類會疑問,為啥貓也愛吃草?更有人傳言,說我們喵星人吃了貓薄荷之后就跟人打了興奮劑一樣!氣死貓了! 

  哎,稍微查下貓薄荷的化學成分就明白了。真實情況是,貓薄荷全草均含揮發油,含量可達20-40%,最高可達57%,揮發油成分為假荊芥內醋、金合歡婦、法尼痛、按油醇等。 

  貓薄荷揮發油能刺激中樞神經,使有關腺體增加分泌,促進皮下血管舒張,促進熱量擴散,從而起到降溫的效果。

貓薄荷

  此外,貓薄荷揮發油對真菌和細菌都有一定的抑制作用,還能夠驅蚊驅蟲,消炎止癢。這么好的東西,我們貓類自然喜歡啊。

  好了,今天就跟你們人類聊這么多,還希望你們能夠多多了解和愛護我們喵星人哦! 

  參考文獻:張曉溯. 貓薄荷再生體系建立及生物活性研究[D]. 安徽農業大學, 2014.

  作者:趙序茅 動物生態與保護生物學院重點實驗室 

 



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